St. Petersburg (since August 18, 1914 to January 26, 1924 - Petrograd, from 26 January 1924 to September 6, 1991 - Leningrad) - the second largest city in Russia.Located in the northwest of the Russian Federation, on the coast of the Gulf of Finland and in the mouth of the Neva River.The city was the center of the three revolutions of 1905-1907, the February bourgeois-democratic and the October Revolution of 1917. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, the city was 872 days in the blockade.
St. Petersburg - the most important economic, scientific and cultural center of Russia, a major transport hub. Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and related complexes of monuments included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site; this is one of the most important centers of tourism in the country. Among the most important cultural and tourist sites - Hermitage, Kunstkamera, the Mariinsky Theatre, the National Library of Russia, the Russian Museum, Peter and Paul Fortress, St. Isaac's Cathedral, Nevsky Prospekt. On the preservation of cultural heritage is aimed, inter alia, the preservation and development program of St. Petersburg's historical center.